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작성자케이 조회 33회 작성일 2020-10-20 07:27:46 댓글 0


Tips To Improve Your Grammar! English Auxiliary Verbs | BE, DO & HAVE

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Grammarly will SHOW you when you make mistakes with auxiliary verbs and many other common grammar mistakes. I really recommend you try it out - use it to improve your English!

Knowing more about auxiliary verbs and how they are used in English will definitely help you to improve your English grammar.

In this lesson, you'll learn my top tips to use these important 'helping' verbs correctly and dramatically improve your English grammar!

A quick summary:
The auxiliary verb DO exists in the simple tenses.
The auxiliary verb BE exists in the continuous tenses - and in the passive voice
And the auxiliary verb HAVE exists in the perfect tenses.

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English Grammar: AUXILIARY VERBS – be, do, have

Do we say, "I am eat" or "I am eating"? What about "He didn't go" or "He didn't went"? These questions and more will be answered when you watch this English grammar lesson on auxiliary verbs. I will teach you how to use the three auxiliary verbs in English – "be", "do", and "have". We will go over each one in detail and with examples. First, you will learn how to use "be" in the passive and progressive forms in the present, past, and future. Then, we will look at "do" in the present and past simple. Last, I will teach you how to use "have" in the future, present, and past perfect. Plus, we will discuss the positive and negative use of "do" as an auxiliary verb". Whew! There's a lot of material here, so make sure you do the quiz at to test your understanding.


My name's Ronnie and I'm going to teach you some grammar. It's kind of a... difficult grammar, but once you learn this overview of-dunh, dunh, dunh, dunh-"Auxiliary Verbs", English grammar is going to become easier for you, I hope. So, if you're just beginning to learn English grammar, oh, stay in there, you can do it. Yuri, this goes out to you in Salvador, Brazil. Let's keep going, man. We have three auxiliary verbs that we use in English: "be", "do", and "have". But the thing about the auxiliary verbs is that each auxiliary verb will tell us what kind of grammar we're going to use with it. So, let's look at the first one: "be".

So, "be" in its form in the present tense is "am", "is", "are"; negative: "am not", "isn't", and "aren't". These are present. The past tense would be present... Or, no. The past tense in the positive is "was" and "were"; negative: "wasn't" and "weren't".

So, how do we actually use this auxiliary verb? And the answer is: We use it in two forms of English grammar. The first one is progressive. So, if you have a progressive sentence, we have present progressive, past progressive, and future progressive. Every time we have a sentence in English with progressive, we know we're going to use the verb "to be". So, if our sentence is present progressive, we're going to use the present tense of the verb "to be", "is am are" with a verb with "ing". So, in English grammar, anything that's progressive or continuous is another word for the same grammar, it's always going to be an "ing" on the verb. The thing that changes and tells us the grammar is the verb "to be". Present is: "is", "am", "are", plus verb "ing", but the past, we're going to use the past tense: "was" and "were" plus verb "ing". So, progressive will always have a verb "ing". The thing that changes the tense of it is the verb "to be". We have future progressive or future continuous. In this one we're simply going to use the verb "will", so in this one we have "will be" plus verb "ing". For example: "I will be eating pizza." This tells us what's going to happen in the future. "I was eating pizza" was the past, and "I am eating pizza", something's happening now, that's present progressive. So, the progressive will always have the verb "to be", either past, present, or future, and it will always have an "ing" on the verb. Okay, cool.

Let's get more complicated, okay? We have another structure in English grammar called passive. Now, passive voice basically you're taking the action from the person or the focus on the person, and we're putting it towards the activity. So, in a normal English sentence we would say: "I eat lunch", but in a passive sentence, we're taking away the subject and we're focusing on the action. So, with the passive voice we have future passive, present passive, and past passive. It goes along the same idea, is that the verb "to be" is going to tell us: Is it present? Or if it's past. When we use a passive sentence, we can only ever use the past participle of the verb, or the third step of the verb. So, passive will always be the verb "to be" plus the past participle. If it's present, it's: "is", "am", "are", plus PP, past participle. If it's past, it's "was" and "were" plus past participle. It's hard to say the past participle, so I'm going to say PP. I have to go PP. So, as an example, we say: "Lunch is eaten", present tense. "Lunch was eaten". I'm going to step away and let you check that out. Let your brain absorb it. Make some sentences using this and the verb "to be". If we used the future passive, I could say: "Lunch will be eaten", so again, when we're using the future, we use "will be", but we're going to use the past participle. Have you made some sentences? Do it now. Come on. Make some sentences. Go. Okay.

So we've done the verb "to be". And hopefully it's beginning to make sense, because English grammar rarely makes sense. I'm going to make it make it make sense for you. So, the next one is the auxiliary verb "do". Now, this one's interesting because we only use it in the negative form in the simple present, or we use it in the negative simple past. […]
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Why HAVE is correct???
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Basic English Grammar: What is an auxiliary verb?

Important basic English grammar lesson. When you're teaching yourself English, there are aspects of basic grammar that you don't know about or understand. This makes it sometimes difficult to understand your English lessons. That's why today I'm telling you all about "auxiliary verbs" -- also known as "helper verbs". They are extra verbs in the sentence that don't usually contribute to the main meaning of the sentence. They usually just show you what verb tense the sentence is. I explain everything you need to know about them, and how to find them in a sentence. Let's get started! Test yourself with the quiz at


Hi. I'm Jade. What we're talking about today is auxiliary verbs. You don't have to be scared of that word, "auxiliary", because it's a grammar word. Basically, what they are is they're helper verbs. They are not the most important verb in the sentence, but they're important so we know what tense it is. So the reason I made this lesson today is I found that people who taught English to themselves get to a point where some confusion comes in because if you're watching videos about learning English and things like that, sometimes, you're going to hear grammar words that you're not sure about. And then, some confusion can happen. So if the teacher says, "Find the verb in the sentence", sometimes, what happens is you just find the verb you know, but you don't realize that it's not the important verb there. So the whole idea of this lesson is to just teach you a bit of grammar so that you don't get confused in the future when you're watching videos and things like that.

So yeah. They're helper verbs. They're not the most important verb in the sentence. There can be more than one of them in a sentence and even still not being the main verb. It's important because it will help you to recognize the tense, the different tenses of English. Maybe you don't use all the tenses actively, but it's still good to be able to recognize them. And also, the most important thing about auxiliary verbs is that it's not helpful for you to directly translate these words because you'll just get a really confusing, confusing meaning. And sometimes, that's a mistake people make. So what we're going to do is go through the different auxiliary verbs in English and look at the different ways that we use them.

So the first one you might not think of as being a helping verb, but it's a good example of what I mean when you see the verb, and then you try to translate it, and it doesn't really give you a good meaning; it doesn't really explain what it means well. The best example of that is "be" in the present and past simple. "She is my boss." What does "be" mean? What does it -- what does "be" mean? I don't know. I was personally confused about that even though I didn't need to learn English. And what it's doing is being a linking verb. In grammar terms, all it's doing is joining subject to object. It doesn't carry its own meaning, you could say. So in that sense, the verb isn't that important here. It's the subject and the object that are important.

Anyway. The next examples, they start to get a little more complicated, but not too bad. Another example of "be", but this time in the continuous sentence -- in the continuous tenses. "He is sleeping." Let's have a think. What tense is that one? That one is the present continuous. And this one, "They have been talking." This one is the present perfect continuous. And what I mean by "auxiliary verb" in these is that they're not the most important verb in those examples. The most important verb is "sleeping" here. And the most important verb is "talking" here. In this example, the present perfect continuous actually has two auxiliaries because you can have more than one auxiliary verb in a sentence.

Next example. "Have" in the perfect tenses. We've got two examples here. We've got, "I've got a car" and, "They had gone home." What tenses are we talking about here? "I've got a car." That one is the present perfect. And what about this one? What's this one? This one is the past perfect. Where's the most important verb? The most important verb is "get" here. We're using it for possession. It means "to own something, to possess something" here. In the second example, the most important verb is "go". This is a past participle. It becomes "gone".

Let's move on to "do" -- our first example of "do". When we're making a negative sentence in the present simple or the past simple, in the negative form, we use "do". Let's look at the examples. "I do not like Peter." I'm sorry, Peter. "Do" shows us that we're making a negative sentence. What's the most important verb? The most important verb is "like". What about next example? "We didn't go." Again -- naughty me -- no full stop. The most important verb is "go". There's our negative, this time in a contracted form.
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